Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Commitments and Contingencies

Commitments and Contingencies
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2022
Commitments and Contingencies Disclosure [Abstract]  





From time to time, the Company is subject to ordinary routine litigation incidental to its normal business operations. The Company is not currently a party to, and its property is not subject to, any material legal proceedings, except as set forth below.


On October 25, 2017, Genexosome entered into and closed a Stock Purchase Agreement with Beijing Genexosome and Yu Zhou, MD, PhD, the sole shareholder of Beijing Genexosome, pursuant to which Genexosome acquired all of the issued and outstanding securities of Beijing Genexosome in consideration of a cash payment in the amount of $450,000, of which $100,000 is still owed. Further, on October 25, 2017, Genexosome entered into and closed an Asset Purchase Agreement with Dr. Zhou, pursuant to which the Company acquired all assets, including all intellectual property and exosome separation systems, held by Dr. Zhou pertaining to the business of researching, developing and commercializing exosome technologies. In consideration of the assets, Genexosome paid Dr. Zhou $876,087 in cash, transferred 500,000 shares of common stock of the Company to Dr. Zhou and issued Dr. Zhou 400 shares of common stock of Genexosome. Further, the Company had not been able to realize the financial projections provided by Dr. Zhou at the time of the acquisition and has decided to impair the intangible asset associated with this acquisition to zero. Dr. Zhou was terminated as Co-CEO of Genexosome on August 14, 2019. Further, on October 28, 2019, Research Institute at Nationwide Children’s Hospital (“Research Institute”) filed a Complaint in the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio Eastern Division against Dr. Zhou, Li Chen, the Company and Genexosome with various claims against the Company and Genexosome. The criminal proceedings against Dr. Zhou and Li Chen have been concluded. The Company, Genexosome and the Research Institute entered into a Settlement Agreement dated June 7, 2022 (the “Settlement Date”) whereby the Company agreed to pay the Research Institute $450,000 on each of the sixty-day, one year and two-year anniversaries of the Settlement Date. In addition, the Company agreed to pay the Research Institute 30% of the Company’s initial pre-tax profit of $3,333,333, 20% of the Company’s second pre-tax profit of $3,333,333 and 10% of the Company’s third pre-tax profit of $3,333,333. The parties provided a mutual release as well.


Operating Leases Commitment


The Company is a party to leases for office space. These lease agreements will expire through February 2023. Rent expense under all operating leases amounted to approximately $107,000 and $108,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Supplemental cash flow information related to leases for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 is as follows:


    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
    2022     2021  
Cash paid for amounts included in the measurement of lease liabilities:            
Operating cash flows paid for operating lease   $ 116,897     $ 94,456  
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligation:                
Operating lease   $
    $ 133,473  


The following table summarizes the lease term and discount rate for the Company’s operating lease as of September 30, 2022:


Weighted average remaining lease term (in years)     0.33  
Weighted average discount rate     4.88 %


The following table summarizes the maturity of lease liabilities under operating lease as of September 30, 2022:


For the Twelve-month Period Ending September 30:   Operating
2023   $ 45,122  
2024 and thereafter    
Total lease payments     45,122  
Amount of lease payments representing interest     (242 )
Total present value of operating lease liabilities   $ 44,880  
Current portion   $ 44,880  


Equity Investment Commitment  


On May 29, 2018, Avalon Shanghai entered into a Joint Venture Agreement with Jiangsu Unicorn Biological Technology Co., Ltd. (“Unicorn”), pursuant to which a company named Epicon Biotech Co., Ltd. (“Epicon”) was formed on August 14, 2018. Epicon is owned 60% by Unicorn and 40% by Avalon Shanghai. Within five years of execution of the Joint Venture Agreement, Unicorn shall invest cash into Epicon in an amount not less than RMB 8,000,000 (approximately $1.1 million) and the premises of the laboratories of Nanjing Hospital of Chinese Medicine for exclusive use by Epicon, and Avalon Shanghai shall invest cash into Epicon in an amount not less than RMB 10,000,000 (approximately $1.4 million). Epicon is focused on cell preparation, third party testing, biological sample repository for commercial and scientific research purposes and the clinical transformation of scientific achievements. As of September 30, 2022, Avalon Shanghai has contributed RMB 5,110,000 (approximately $0.7 million) that was included in equity method investment on the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. The Company intends to use its present working capital together with borrowings from related party and equity raises to fund the project cost.


Joint Venture – Avactis Biosciences Inc.


On July 18, 2018, the Company formed Avactis Biosciences Inc. (“Avactis”), a Nevada corporation, as a wholly owned subsidiary. On October 23, 2018, Avactis and Arbele Limited (“Arbele”) agreed to the establishment of AVAR BioTherapeutics (China) Co. Ltd. (“AVAR”), a Sino-foreign equity joint venture, pursuant to an Equity Joint Venture Agreement (the “AVAR Agreement”), which was to be owned 60% by Avactis and 40% by Arbele. On April 6, 2022, the Company, Acactis, Arbele and Arbele Biotherapeutics Limited (“Arbele Biotherapeutics”), a wholly owned subsidiary of Arbele, entered into an Amendment No. 1 to the Equity Joint Venture Agreement pursuant to which Arbele Biotherapeutics acquired 40% of Avactis for the purpose of the Company and Arbele establishing a joint venture in the United States and the parties agreed that they would no longer pursue AVAR as a joint venture. Further, all rights and obligations under the AVAR Agreement were assigned by Avactis to Avalon and by Arbele to Arbele Biotherapeutics. Avactis established Avactis Nanjing Biosciences Ltd., a wholly owned foreign entity in the PRC. Further, the parties agreed that the Exclusive Patent License Agreement dated January 3, 2019 entered between Arbele, as licensor, and AVAR, as licensee (the “Arbele License Agreement”), was assigned to Avactis and Avalon and Arbele agreed to enter into a new Arbele License Agreement with Avactis on the same/similar terms as the Arbele License Agreement. Further, Dr. Anthony Chan was appointed to the Board of Directors of Avactis and as the Chief Scientific Officer of Avactis. Avactis purpose and business scope is to research, research, develop, produce, sell, distribute and generally commercialize CAR-T/CAR-NK/TCR-T/universal cellular immunotherapy globally including in the PRC. The Company is required to contribute $10 million (or equivalent in RMB) in cash and/or services, which shall be contributed in tranches based on milestones to be determined jointly by Avactis and the Company in writing subject to the Company’s cash reserves. Within 30 days, Arbele Biotherapeutics shall make contribution of $6.66 million in the form of entering into a License Agreement with Avactis granting Avactis with an exclusive right and license in China to its technology and intellectual property pertaining to CAR-T/CAR-NK/TCR-T/universal cellular immunotherapy technology and any additional technology developed in the future with terms and conditions to be mutually agreed upon the Company and Avactis and services. As of the date hereof, the License Agreement has not been finalized. 


In addition, the Company is responsible for:


Contributing registered capital of RMB 5,000,000 (approximately $0.7 million) for working capital purposes as required by local regulation, which is not required to be contributed immediately and will be contributed subject to the Company’s discretion;


assist Avactis in setting up its business operations and obtaining all required permits and licenses from the Chinese government;


assisting Avactis in recruiting, hiring and retaining personnel;


providing Avactis with access to various hospital networks in China to assist in the testing and commercialization of the CAR-T/CAR-NK/TCR-T/universal cellular immunotherapy technology in China;


assisting Avactis in managing the Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) facility and clinic to be developed by Avactis;


providing Avactis with advice pertaining to conducting clinicals in China; and


Within 6 days of signing the AVAR Agreement, the Company is required to pay to Arbele Biotherapeutics $300,000 as a research and development fee with an additional two payments of $300,000 (for a total of $900,000) to be paid upon mutually agreed upon milestones.


Under AVAR Agreement, as amended, Arbele Biotherapeutics shall be responsible for the following:



Entering into a License Agreement with Avactis; and

  Providing Avactis with research and development expertise pertaining to clinical laboratory medicine when hired by Avactis.


As of both September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company paid the $900,000 to Arbele Biotherapeutics as research and development fee.


Line of Credit Agreement


On August 29, 2019, the Company entered into a Line of Credit Agreement (the “Line of Credit Agreement”) providing the Company with a $20 million line of credit (the “Line of Credit”) from Wenzhao Lu (the “Lender”), a significant shareholder and director of the Company. The Line of Credit allows the Company to request loans thereunder and to use the proceeds of such loans for working capital and operating expense purposes until the facility matures on December 31, 2024. The loans are unsecured and are not convertible into equity of the Company. Loans drawn under the Line of Credit bears interest at an annual rate of 5% and each individual loan will be payable three years from the date of issuance. The Company has a right to draw down on the line of credit and not at the discretion of the related party Lender. The Company may, at its option, prepay any borrowings under the Line of Credit, in whole or in part at any time prior to maturity, without premium or penalty. The Line of Credit Agreement includes customary events of default. If any such event of default occurs, the Lender may declare all outstanding loans under the Line of Credit to be due and payable immediately. As of September 30, 2022, $0 was outstanding under the Line of Credit.